Google recommends that websites have different meta descriptions. So there is some sort of influence, but is it tied to rankings?

Meta Element

A meta element is the formal name for the meta tag. A web page's meta element is used to describe (represent) document-level information.

Many more meta tags communicate directly with search engines and browsers like:

meta name=”viewport” meta name=”google-site-verification”

Site visitors cannot view meta element data directly, but they can see it indirectly via search results.

Google’s Use of Meta Descriptions

The meta description in the search results will provide potential website visitors an idea of what they may expect if they click the link and visit the website.

A meta description can be as long as you want it to be. However, search engines have a limit on how much of the meta description they will display.

The limit is determined by the amount of information that can be displayed on the user's browser device.

Does Google Use Meta Description for Ranking?

John Mueller answered:   Meta Description is  not something that we would use for ranking.

BUT Having a decent snippet on a search results page, on the other hand, can make it more appealing for individuals to visit your page, he added.

Knowledge the history of meta elements, particularly the meta description tag, aids in developing a better understanding of how all the pieces work together for SEO.